# Unbreakable AmForth¶

This recipe gives some hints how to protect AmForth from being (partially) destroyed and to be able to recover from accidents without re-flashing the system.

## Flash protection¶

The first line should be a flash protection. It prevents the !i to write to places where it should not. This can be done by creating a new word, that does some bounds checking and does the final write command only if everything is ok.

\ write protect everything up to this command
: save-!i [ dp 12 + ] literal over <
if (!i-nrww) else -20 throw then ;
' save-!i is !i


After these few lines, all flash up to this definition is now write-protected. All forbidden access will generate an exception. The offset added makes sure that our new command protects itself as well.

The code in the NRWW section (file:dict_appl_core.inc) is already write protected, the controller itself makes sure of that. A write attempt to this locations does not generate an exception, it will be ignored silently.

## EEPROM protection¶

Protect the EEPROM is more difficult. AmForth rewrites a few cells during normal development, which makes a simple write protection as described for the flash rather useless. Furthermore AmForth uses the EEPROM content at very early stages in the boot process. Any safety action needs thus be hard-coded in warm and it will need a trigger to start the EEPROM recovery. This could be a check for some data or a hardware based information.

As long as the command prompt works, the data that got saved by a marker definition is sufficient to reset to a working system.